Kvadráty: 7165
  Nálezy podle období
Eresidae 0-19001901-19501951-20002001-2018
Eresus hermani Kovács, Prazsák, Eichardt, Vári & Gyurkovics, 2015 Kriticky ohrožený 2x 2x

Eresus hermani Kovács, Prazsák, Eichardt, Vári & Gyurkovics, 2015

České jménostepník pálavský
Stupeň ohroženíKriticky ohrožený
Nálezy2 nálezů, 1 kvadrátů
Poslední nález 2018 , Radek Šich

Literatura

© Oto Zimmermann

Habitat selection in sedentary, long-lived burrowing spiders is a key life-history event that directly affects their reproductive success. In this study, we analyzed the role of the chemical and physical properties of soil in habitat selection by threatened temperate burrowing spiders. We examined 296 burrows of three Atypus spp. and three Eresus spp. at 68 sites in Czechia. We found that the study species were associated with soils that have high or very high cation exchange capacity, which allows the presence of a stable nd humid microclimate in their burrows. We found that specific bedrock types can be used as predictors of the presence of particular study species. All Eresus spp. avoided compacted soils. However, when present in soils with very low penetration resistance, they were limited to sites with high soil cohesion. The burrows of all study species were located at well-drained sites. The study species seemed to be selective for a steppe-like character of their microhabitat but not necessarily for its southward orientation. We found the study species even at sites where steppes were present in the early 1950s and that underwent later afforestation but not extensive landscaping or plowing. What types of disturbances can be sustained by the study species and how long it takes the decreased populations to recover after, e.g., trampling associated with grazing, remain to be investigated.



Fotografie

Statistiky

Dle měsíce v roce


Dle nadmořské výšky


Dle metody sběru (2 použitých nálezů)
Eresus hermani Kovács, Prazsák, Eichardt, Vári & Gyurkovics, 2015 CRSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Fotografie1062
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy

Dle biotopu (2 použitých nálezů)
Eresus hermani Kovács, Prazsák, Eichardt, Vári & Gyurkovics, 2015 CRSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Skalní stepi na vápencových podkladech1062
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy