Milan Řezáč and Vlastimil Růžička

Czechia is one of the arachnologically best researched regions in Europe. So far, 906 spider species have been identified in this country (Buchar and Růžička 2002, Růžička and Buchar 2008, Kůrka et al. 2015, Řezáč et al. 2021). The Czech spider fauna lacks endemic species due to the glacial periods that have occurred. The oldest components of Czech spider fauna are glacial relics that survived in alpine and peat bog habitats and boreal relics that survived in steppe habitats. The Czech spider fauna is thus mainly composed of species with a Palaearctic distribution. Only a very small proportion of the species are endemic to Central Europe; in particular, few Carpathian endemics occur in the mountains in eastern Moravia, and few Pannonian endemics occur in the lowlands in southern Moravia. Many species of natural habitats are disappearing, and 58% of the Czech spider fauna are red listed (Řezáč et al. 2015).

To date, approximately fifty species found in Czechia are considered allochthonous. The majority of them are restricted to buildings. Moreover, some species have colonized the surroundings of buildings. Only a small fraction of spider species introduced to Czechia have invaded natural habitats. In addition to these species introduced by humans, there are also several cases of species that recently expanded their distribution from the south to Czechia, perhaps due to climate warming. According to these criteria we classify the Czech non-native spider species into the following five cathegories. Species identity is based on Nentwig et al. (2023). The nomenclature follows the World Spider Catalog (2023).


Buchar J. & Růžička V. 2002: Catalogue of spiders of the Czech Republic. Peres, Praha, 351 pp.
Kůrka A., Řezáč M., Macek R. & Dolanský J. 2015: Pavouci České republiky [Spiders of the Czech Republic]. Academia, Praha, 623 pp. (in Czech).
Nentwig W., Blick T., Gloor D., Hänggi A., Kropf C. 2021: Spiders of Europe. (accessed 2 February 2021)
Řezáč M., Kůrka A., Růžička V. & Heneberg P. 2015: Red List of Czech spiders: 3rd edition, adjusted according to evidence-based national conservation priorities. Biologia 70: 645–666.
Řezáč M., Růžička V., Hula V., Dolanský J., Machač O. & Roušar A. 2021: Spiders newly observed in Czechia in recent years – overlooked or invasive species? BioInvasions Records 10 (3): 555–566.
Růžička V. & Buchar J. 2008: Dodatek ke katalogu pavouků České republiky 2001–2007. Supplement to the Catalogue of Spiders of the Czech Republic 2001–2007. Sborník Oblastního muzea v Mostě, řada přírodovědná 29–30 [2007/2008]: 3–32 (in English and Czech).
World Spider Catalog 2021: Natural History Museum Bern. (accessed 2 February 2021)

Citation: Řezáč M., Růžička V. (year of access): An updated checklist of spiders of Czechia. Online at, accessed on (date of access).

Původnost druhů

Thermophilic expanding species (E)
History: Absent from the region in the past – new records even from arachnologically well researched sites in the past.
Habitat: Often newly created habitats such as mining areas.
Distribution: Known to occur south of Central Europe, usually absent north of Central Europe.
Species introduced to buildings – expanding (I-B-E)
History: Newly introduced by humans and expanding their range.
Habitat: All kinds of heated buildings, absent in nature.
Distribution: Mainly subtropical regions.
Species introduced to buildings – non-expanding (I-B-N)
History: Newly introduced by humans.
Habitat: Large heated buildings with complex synanthropic habitats, such as large greenhouses with high air humidity and rich prey resources, absent in nature.
Distribution: Mainly tropical regions.
Species introduced to natural habitats – invasive (I-N-I)
History: Introduced by humans and expanding their range.
Habitat: Variety of natural habitats, often disturbed.
Distribution: Native on other continents, often North America.
Species introduced to natural habitats – non-invasive (I-N-N)
History: Newly introduced by humans.
Habitat: Disturbed habitats in nature.
Distribution: Sites of introduction isolated from the continuous distribution area of the species.


Thermophilic expanding species

History: Absent from the region in the past – new records even from arachnologically well researched sites in the past.
Habitat: Often newly created habitats such as mining areas.
Distribution: Known to occur south of Central Europe, usually absent north of Central Europe.

RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Čeleď Araneidae (4x)
Argiope Argiope bruennichi (Scopoli, 1772) 1.7.1952, pes, Břeclav 286 E Není ohrožený
Larinia Larinia elegans Spassky, 1939 8.5.2020, Radek Šich, Pasohlávky 1 E
Leviellus Leviellus thorelli (Ausserer, 1871) 19.8.2009, Břeclav 3 E Kriticky ohrožený
Neoscona Neoscona adianta (Walckenaer, 1802) 12.6.2020, Mgr. Ondřej Machač, Ph.D., Rohatec 1 E

Čeleď Cheiracanthiidae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Cheiracanthium Cheiracanthium punctorium (Villers, 1789) 1859, František Prach, Praha, č. o. Praha 1 28 E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Dictynidae (2x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Brigittea Brigittea civica (Lucas, 1850) 5.9.1954, prof. RNDr. František Miller, DrSc., Brno, č. o. Brno I 22 E Není ohrožený
Emblyna Emblyna brevidens (Kulczyński, 1897) 2011, J. Dolanský (viz Pavouk 2012 (č. 32)) E Kriticky ohrožený

Čeleď Gnaphosidae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Gnaphosa Gnaphosa modestior Kulczyński, 1897 11.5.2018, Filip Trnka, Mikulov 4 E Kriticky ohrožený

Čeleď Linyphiidae (2x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Collinsia Collinsia inerrans (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1885) 1.6.2017, Alice Háková, Kralupy nad Vltavou 2 E
Sintula Sintula spiniger (Balogh, 1935) 30.9.2009, Hodonín 1 E Silně ohrožený

Čeleď Lycosidae (2x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Lycosa Lycosa singoriensis (Laxmann, 1770) 1924, Břeclav 27 E Téměř ohrožený
Pardosa Pardosa nebulosa (Thorell, 1872) 13.5.2010, Mgr. Ondřej Machač, Ph.D., Hodonín 2 E Kriticky ohrožený

Čeleď Philodromidae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Philodromus Philodromus buxi Simon, 1884 6.5.2023, MUDr. Kryštof Rückl, Mělník 1 E

Čeleď Salticidae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Heliophanus Heliophanus simplex Simon, 1868 2013, A. Jelínek (viz Pavouk 2014 (č. 36)) E Kriticky ohrožený

Čeleď Theridiidae (2x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Theridion (2x) Theridion cinereum Thorell, 1875 2014, J. Dolanský (viz Pavouk 2014 (č. 37)) E Není ohrožený
Theridion hannoniae Denis, 1945 29.5.2021, Mgr. Antonín Roušar, Vrskmaň 3 E