Milan Řezáč and Vlastimil Růžička

Czechia is one of the arachnologically best researched regions in Europe. So far, 906 spider species have been identified in this country (Buchar and Růžička 2002, Růžička and Buchar 2008, Kůrka et al. 2015, Řezáč et al. 2021). The Czech spider fauna lacks endemic species due to the glacial periods that have occurred. The oldest components of Czech spider fauna are glacial relics that survived in alpine and peat bog habitats and boreal relics that survived in steppe habitats. The Czech spider fauna is thus mainly composed of species with a Palaearctic distribution. Only a very small proportion of the species are endemic to Central Europe; in particular, few Carpathian endemics occur in the mountains in eastern Moravia, and few Pannonian endemics occur in the lowlands in southern Moravia. Many species of natural habitats are disappearing, and 58% of the Czech spider fauna are red listed (Řezáč et al. 2015).

To date, approximately fifty species found in Czechia are considered allochthonous. The majority of them are restricted to buildings. Moreover, some species have colonized the surroundings of buildings. Only a small fraction of spider species introduced to Czechia have invaded natural habitats. In addition to these species introduced by humans, there are also several cases of species that recently expanded their distribution from the south to Czechia, perhaps due to climate warming. According to these criteria we classify the Czech non-native spider species into the following five cathegories. Species identity is based on Nentwig et al. (2023). The nomenclature follows the World Spider Catalog (2023).


Buchar J. & Růžička V. 2002: Catalogue of spiders of the Czech Republic. Peres, Praha, 351 pp.
Kůrka A., Řezáč M., Macek R. & Dolanský J. 2015: Pavouci České republiky [Spiders of the Czech Republic]. Academia, Praha, 623 pp. (in Czech).
Nentwig W., Blick T., Gloor D., Hänggi A., Kropf C. 2021: Spiders of Europe. (accessed 2 February 2021)
Řezáč M., Kůrka A., Růžička V. & Heneberg P. 2015: Red List of Czech spiders: 3rd edition, adjusted according to evidence-based national conservation priorities. Biologia 70: 645–666.
Řezáč M., Růžička V., Hula V., Dolanský J., Machač O. & Roušar A. 2021: Spiders newly observed in Czechia in recent years – overlooked or invasive species? BioInvasions Records 10 (3): 555–566.
Růžička V. & Buchar J. 2008: Dodatek ke katalogu pavouků České republiky 2001–2007. Supplement to the Catalogue of Spiders of the Czech Republic 2001–2007. Sborník Oblastního muzea v Mostě, řada přírodovědná 29–30 [2007/2008]: 3–32 (in English and Czech).
World Spider Catalog 2021: Natural History Museum Bern. (accessed 2 February 2021)

Citation: Řezáč M., Růžička V. (year of access): An updated checklist of spiders of Czechia. Online at, accessed on (date of access).

Původnost druhů

Thermophilic expanding species (E)
History: Absent from the region in the past – new records even from arachnologically well researched sites in the past.
Habitat: Often newly created habitats such as mining areas.
Distribution: Known to occur south of Central Europe, usually absent north of Central Europe.
Species introduced to buildings – expanding (I-B-E)
History: Newly introduced by humans and expanding their range.
Habitat: All kinds of heated buildings, absent in nature.
Distribution: Mainly subtropical regions.
Species introduced to buildings – non-expanding (I-B-N)
History: Newly introduced by humans.
Habitat: Large heated buildings with complex synanthropic habitats, such as large greenhouses with high air humidity and rich prey resources, absent in nature.
Distribution: Mainly tropical regions.
Species introduced to natural habitats – invasive (I-N-I)
History: Introduced by humans and expanding their range.
Habitat: Variety of natural habitats, often disturbed.
Distribution: Native on other continents, often North America.
Species introduced to natural habitats – non-invasive (I-N-N)
History: Newly introduced by humans.
Habitat: Disturbed habitats in nature.
Distribution: Sites of introduction isolated from the continuous distribution area of the species.


Species introduced to buildings – expanding

History: Newly introduced by humans and expanding their range.
Habitat: All kinds of heated buildings, absent in nature.
Distribution: Mainly subtropical regions.

RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Čeleď Agelenidae (1x)
Tegenaria Tegenaria domestica (Clerck, 1757) 1859, František Prach, Praha, č. o. Praha 1 62 I-B-E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Araneidae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Zygiella Zygiella x-notata (Clerck, 1757) 23.11.1873, A. Palliardi, Františkovy Lázně 12 I-B-E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Cheiracanthiidae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Cheiracanthium Cheiracanthium mildei L. Koch, 1864 15.7.2010, Mgr. Ondřej Machač, Ph.D., Havraníky 16 I-B-E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Oonopidae (2x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Cortestina Cortestina thaleri Knoflach, 2009 8.10.2022, Mgr. Ondřej Machač, Ph.D., Plzeň 1 I-B-E
Tapinesthis Tapinesthis inermis (Simon, 1882) 29.10.1973, Jiří Šmaha, Mladá Boleslav, č. o. Čejetice 3 I-B-E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Pholcidae (4x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Holocnemus Holocnemus pluchei (Scopoli, 1763) 26.1.2014, Radek Šich, Brno 7 I-B-E Není ohrožený
Pholcus (2x) Pholcus alticeps Spassky, 1932 28.8.2014, Mgr. Antonín Roušar, Chomutov 6 I-B-E
Pholcus phalangioides (Fuesslin, 1775) 1.8.1959, prof. RNDr. Jan Buchar, DrSc., Semily 81 I-B-E Není ohrožený
Psilochorus Psilochorus simoni (Berland, 1911) 11.4.2022, MUDr. Kryštof Rückl, Praha 2 I-B-E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Salticidae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Hasarius Hasarius adansoni (Audouin, 1826) 1971, Praha, č. o. Praha 2 4 I-B-E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Scytodidae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Scytodes Scytodes thoracica (Latreille, 1802) 20.5.1969, Vladimír Bukva, Břeclav 19 I-B-E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Theridiidae (4x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Parasteatoda Parasteatoda tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841) 23.11.1873, A. Palliardi, Františkovy Lázně 39 I-B-E Není ohrožený
Steatoda (3x) Steatoda castanea (Clerck, 1757) 1933, RNDr. Jiří Baum, Luže, č. o. Bělá 26 I-B-E Není ohrožený
Steatoda grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) 1930, Praha, č. o. Praha 2 28 I-B-E Není ohrožený
Steatoda triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802) 15.4.1973, Vladimír Bukva, Praha, č. o. Praha 2 27 I-B-E Není ohrožený

Čeleď Uloboridae (1x)
RodDruhPopisPrvní nálezČtvercePůvodnostStupeň ohrožení
Uloborus Uloborus plumipes Lucas, 1846 9.12.2000, doc. MUDr. Pavel Kasal, CSc., Praha, č. o. Praha 3 11 I-B-E Není ohrožený