Records by time
Linyphiidae 0-19001901-19501951-20002001-2018
Porrhomma egeria Simon, 1884 Not endangered 6x 6x 131x 62x 205x

Porrhomma egeria Simon, 1884

Czech nameplachetnatka jeskynní
Threat levelNot endangered
Records205 nálezů, 44 kvadrátů
First record 1899, K. Absolon sen., Kratochvíl 1933a
Last record 2016 , Vlastimil Růžička, Jan Dolanský
Distribution areaEuropean
Phytogeographic areaMeso, Oreo
Původnost stanovišťclimax
StratumUnderground, Ground layer
Osvětlení stanovišťopen, semi-open, partly shaded, shaded, dark
Hojnost výskytuscarce


© Ota Zimmermann

The spider genus Porrhomma has been revised. it now includes 24 species.

Two new species are described:

  • Porrhomma altaica new species from the Altai Mountains
  • Porrhomma nekolai new species from eastern Asia and North America

Bathyphantes charpentieri Lebert, 1877 was removed from synonymy with Porrhomma microphthalmum (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1871).

The following new synonymies are proposed:

  • Bathyphantes charpentieri Lebert, 1877 is a junior synonym of Porrhomma convexum (Westring, 1851) new synonymy
  • Porrhomma gertschi Hackman, 1954 is a junior synonym of Porrhomma terrestre (Emerton, 1882) new synonymy
  • Porrhomma myops Simon, 1884 is a junior synonym of Porrhomma rosenhaueri (L. Koch, 1872) new synonymy
  • Porrhomma ocella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943 is a junior syn onym of Porrhomma convexum (Westring, 1851) new synonymy
  • Porrhomma omissum Miller, 1971 is a junior synonym of Porrhomma egeria Simon, 1884 new synonymy
  • Porrhomma pallidum affinis Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940 is a junior synonym of Porrhomma pallidum Jackson, 1913 new synonymy
  • Porrhomma sodonta (Chamberlin, 1949) is a junior synonym of Porrhomma convexum (Westring, 1851) new synonymy
  • The synonymy of Porrhomma macrochelis (Emerton, 1917) with Macrargus multesimus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1875) is supported
  • Porrhomma subterraneum Simon, 1884 is considered a nomen dubium, because it was described according to a juvenile specimen

To date, Porrhomma indecorum Simon, 1910 and Porrhomma marphaense Wunderlich, 1983 are only known from findings of females. They are considered to be species inquirenda, and their names are declared nomina dubia.

Keys are provided for males and females. Vulvae are drawn in dorsal, ventral and caudal views to understand their spatial structure.

© Ota Zimmermann

Spiders occurring in soils and fissured rocks were investigated using pipe traps. Four microphthalmic species, namely Iberina microphthalma, Porrhomma egeria, Porrhomma microps and Porrhomma cambridgei were collected. Iberina microphthalma is reported from the Czech Republic for the first time. The importance of collecting material by complex pipe traps (consisting of a perforated pipe and a set of removable cups) to record the depth distribution of spiders in subterranean habitats is stressed. The importance of the soil and fissure network formed by sandy marlite bedrock and of alluvial soils for the life of subterranean spiders is documented.


By month

By altitude

By collecting method (125 used records)
Porrhomma egeria Simon, 1884 ESMalesFemalesJuvenilesRecords
Zemní past1101353479
Individuální sběr51861939

By biotope (61 used records)
Porrhomma egeria Simon, 1884 ESMalesFemalesJuvenilesRecords
kamenité suti nižších poloh1511112
výsadby jehličnanů1203
osluněné skály nižších poloh1102
Lesy vyšších poloh a strmých svahů1101
širokolisté horské nivy4206
horské smrčiny7508
alpínské trávníky0101
podmáčené smrčiny1001
horské bučiny0202
Kultury listnáčů1001
mokré louky0001
Břehy tekoucích vod0001

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