Records by time
Gnaphosidae 0-19001901-19501951-20002001-2021
Callilepis nocturna (Linnaeus, 1758) Endangered 40x 20x 60x

Callilepis nocturna (Linnaeus, 1758)

Czech nameskálovka mravencožravá
Threat levelEndangered
Records60 nálezů, 33 kvadrátů
First record 1958, F. Miller, Kůrka 1994e
Last record 2021 , Ondřej Machač
Distribution areaPalaearctic - Transp.
Phytogeographic areaThermo, Meso
Původnost stanovišťclimax, semi-natural
Humidityvery dry, dry
StratumGround layer
Osvětlení stanovišťopen, partly shaded
Hojnost výskytuscarce
Altitude200-300-900

Bibliography

 © Oto Zimmermann
A total of 114 spider species from 25 families and one harvestmen species were found during the zoological research at several sites in the Podyjí National Park during 2019. Of them, forty-one species are listed in the Red List of spiders of the Czech Republic. Four new species for the Podyjí NP were recorded – Callilepis nocturna (Linnaeus, 1758), Euryopis laeta (Westring, 1861), Phrurolithus minimus C. L. Koch, 1839 and Trichoncus auritus (L. Koch, 1869). Among the most interesting species, four critically endangered spiders – Civizelotes caucasius (L. Koch, 1866), Phrurolithus szilyi Herman, 1879, Gnaphosa modestior Kulczyński, 1897 and Eresus moravicus Řezáč, 2008 should be mentioned. Other rare species include Acartauchenius scurrilis (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873), Agyneta fuscipalpa (C. L. Koch, 1836), Arctosa figurata (Simon, 1876), Atypus affinis Eichwald, 1830, Bassaniodes robustus (Hahn, 1832), Callilepis schuszteri (Herman, 1879), Centromerus incilium (L. Koch, 1881), Centromerus leruthi Fage, 1933, Cheiracanthium effossum Herman, 1879, Drassyllus villicus (Thorell, 1875), Euryopis quinqueguttata Thorell, 1875, Frontinellina frutetorum (C. L. Koch, 1835), Gibbaranea gibbosa (Walckenaer, 1802), Gnaphosa opaca Herman, 1879, Haplodrassus cognatus (Westring, 1861), Haplodrassus dalmatensis (L. Koch, 1866), Haplodrassus minor (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879), Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum (Simon, 1873), Kishidaia conspicua (L. Koch, 1866), Leptorchestes berolinensis (C. L. Koch, 1846), Minicia marginella (Wider, 1834), Phrurolithus pullatus Kulczyński, 1897, Trichopterna cito (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873), Walckenaeria simplex Chyzer, 1894, Zelotes erebeus (Thorell, 1871) and Zora manicata Simon, 1878.

 © Oto Zimmermann
A total of 114 spider species from 25 families and one harvestmen species were found during the zoological research at several sites in the Podyjí National Park during 2019. Of them, forty-one species are listed in the Red List of spiders of the Czech Republic. Four new species for the Podyjí NP were recorded – Callilepis nocturna (Linnaeus, 1758), Euryopis laeta (Westring, 1861), Phrurolithus minimus C. L. Koch, 1839 and Trichoncus auritus (L. Koch, 1869). Among the most interesting species, four critically endangered spiders – Civizelotes caucasius (L. Koch, 1866), Phrurolithus szilyi Herman, 1879, Gnaphosa modestior Kulczyński, 1897 and Eresus moravicus Řezáč, 2008 should be mentioned. Other rare species include Acartauchenius scurrilis (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873), Agyneta fuscipalpa (C. L. Koch, 1836), Arctosa figurata (Simon, 1876), Atypus affinis Eichwald, 1830, Bassaniodes robustus (Hahn, 1832), Callilepis schuszteri (Herman, 1879), Centromerus incilium (L. Koch, 1881), Centromerus leruthi Fage, 1933, Cheiracanthium effossum Herman, 1879, Drassyllus villicus (Thorell, 1875), Euryopis quinqueguttata Thorell, 1875, Frontinellina frutetorum (C. L. Koch, 1835), Gibbaranea gibbosa (Walckenaer, 1802), Gnaphosa opaca Herman, 1879, Haplodrassus cognatus (Westring, 1861), Haplodrassus dalmatensis (L. Koch, 1866), Haplodrassus minor (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879), Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum (Simon, 1873), Kishidaia conspicua (L. Koch, 1866), Leptorchestes berolinensis (C. L. Koch, 1846), Minicia marginella (Wider, 1834), Phrurolithus pullatus Kulczyński, 1897, Trichopterna cito (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873), Walckenaeria simplex Chyzer, 1894, Zelotes erebeus (Thorell, 1871) and Zora manicata Simon, 1878.

 © Oto Zimmermann

Arachnologický průzkum na Mostecku a Chomutovsku byl doposud soustředěn zejména na Krušné hory (BUCHAR a HAJER 1999, 2005, 2010. ROUŠAR 2011. RŮŽIČKA a HAJER 2002, 2003), jednotlivé sběry z okolí jsou také zahrnuty v katalogu pavouků ČR (BUCHAR a RŮŽIČKA 2002), na Chomutovsku je známo také několik publikovaných sběrů Antonína Roušara (ROUŠAR 2009, 2015, 2016). Přesto údaje o výskytu pavouků z mnoha lokalit scházejí. Proto od 1. do 4. června 2017 uspořádalo Oblastní muzeum v Mostě arachnologické exkurze do nejbližšího okolí Mostu a Chomutova, kterých se zúčastnili členové České arachnologické společnosti. Jako cílové byly zvoleny lokality, na kterých se systematicky pavoukovci dosud nesbírali, ale i lokality, které by vzhledem ke svým přírodním hodnotám mohly být v budoucnu zařazeny mezi zvláště chráněná území. Tento článek předkládá seznam všech druhů pavouků, kteří byli během akce zjištěni.



 © Oto Zimmermann

Heterogeneity of environmental conditions is the crucial factor supporting biodiversity in various habitats, including post-mining sites. The effects of micro-topographic heterogeneity on biodiversity and conservation potential of arthropod communities in post-industrial habitats had not been studied before now. At one of the largest European brown coal spoil heaps, we sampled eight groups of terrestrial arthropods with different life strategies (moths, spiders, ground beetles, ants, orthopteroids, centipedes, millipedes, and woodlice), in successionally young plots (5–18 y), with a heterogeneous wavy surface after heaping, and compared the communities with plots flattened by dozing. A combination of the standardized quantitative sampling, using two different methods, and a paired design of the plot selection enabled a robust analysis. Altogether, we recorded 380 species of the focal arthropods, 15 of them nationally threatened. We revealed the importance of the microtopographic heterogeneity for the formation of the biodiversity of arthropods in their secondary refuges. The communities with higher biodiversity and conservation value were detected in the plots with heterogeneous surfaces; exceptions were ground beetles and millipedes. The surface flattening, often the first step of technical reclamation projects, thus suppress biodiversity of most terrestrial arthropods during the restoration of post-mining sites. Since the communities of both surface types differed, the proportional presence on both surfaces could be more efficient in supporting the local biodiversity. We suggest reducing the surface dozing for the cases with other concerns only, to achieve a proportional representation of both surface types. Such a combination of different restoration approaches would, thus, efficiently support high biodiversity of groups with various needs.



Gallery

Statistics

By month


By altitude


By collecting method (60 used records)
Callilepis nocturna (Linnaeus, 1758) VUMalesFemalesJuvenilesRecords
Individuální sběr412014
Pozorování0101
Neurčeno623012
Zemní past25933531
Smyk1202
 MalesFemalesJuvenilesRecords

By biotope (60 used records)
Callilepis nocturna (Linnaeus, 1758) VUMalesFemalesJuvenilesRecords
Těžebny písku a jiných nezpevněných hornin1302
Výsadby listnáčů0101
Kamenolomy0202
Paseky0101
Neurčeno263233439
Vlhké doubravy1001
Haldy a výsypky1001
Okraje silnic2313
Rašeliniště1001
Dubohabřiny2001
Skalní stepi na vápenci1001
Kamenité suti nižších poloh0201
Lesy1001
Suché doubravy0101
Horské bučiny0001
Lesní okraje0001
Xerotermní travinobylinná společenstva0101
Suché louky0101
 MalesFemalesJuvenilesRecords