Nálezy podle období
Zodariidae 0-19001901-19501951-20002001-2018
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) Není ohrožený 2x 2x 315x 81x 400x
Zodarion italicum (Canestrini, 1868) Není ohrožený 4x 11x 15x
Zodarion ohridense Wunderlich, 1973
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 Není ohrožený 42x 42x 84x

Literatura

© Ota Zimmermann

Spiders of the Brdy Protected Landscape Area were studied. Material obtained from pitfall traps exposed during the years 2016–2017 at 15 different representative localities included a total of 4027 individuals belonging to 154 species of spiders. Cold tolerant species (e.g. Bathyphantes similis and Pocadicnemis carpatica) as well as thermophilic species (e.g. Lathys humilis and Zodarion germanicum) were recorded. The West European species Palliduphantes ericaeus reaches here the easternmost border of its  distribution, on the contrary the East European species Walckenaeria simplex has in this territory the western limit of its areal. A quarter of the recorded spider species is closely related to the original and natural habitats. Together with the published data and data from arachnological databases, the occurrence of 220 species of spiders is currently listed for the Brdy PLA, representing about 25 % of the total fauna of the Czech Republic. The results documented presence of interesting arachnofauna and confirm a high natural value of the given area.



© Ota Zimmermann
Zodarion ohridense Wunderlich, 1973 was found to be introduced in an abandoned stone quarry near Kolín in the Czech Republic. The Central European species of Zodarion are discussed.

© Ota Zimmermann
Pavouci České republiky; Skálovka Hermanova Zelotes hermani (Chyzer, 1897) – nový druh v ČR; Erigone cristatopalpus Simon, 1884; Mravčík ohridský (Zodarion ohridense Wunderlich, 1973) (Araneae: Zodariidae) – nový druh pro Českou republiku; Něco málo ze ZOO Praha: Modisimus culicinus (Simon, 1893); Kamenožrout zelený III; Významné nálezy pavouků z ČR II./ Remarkable records of spiders from Czech Republic II.; Skákavka ryšavonohá Ballus rufipes (Simon, 1868) (Araneae: Salticidae) – nový druh pro Slovenskou republiku; Inventarizace 2015; Co se skrývá v kokonech?; 114. seminář České arachnologické společnosti – Olomouc; 20th International Congress of Arachnology; Kroniky; Sedmdesáté narozeniny Antonína Kůrky; Bucharova mísa plná pavouků; Náš táta pavouk; Česká arachnologická bibliografie; Britská bibliografie – The Newsletter 136 a 137; Nové knihy;

© Ota Zimmermann

The invertebrates of the Macocha Abyss, Moravian Karst, Czech Republic, were collected in 2007–2008 and 222 species were identified in total. The relative abundance of individual taxa of land snails, harvestmen, pseudoscorpions, spiders, millipedes, centipedes, terrestrial isopods, beetles, and ants was evaluated. The cold-adapted mountain and subterranean species inhabit the bottom and lower part of the abyss, whereas the sun-exposed rocky margins were inhabited by thermophilous species. Macocha harbors several threatened species that are absent or very rare in the surrounding habitats. In the forest landscape, the Macocha Abyss represents a natural habitat with a distinct microclimatic gradient, and is an excellent refuge area for psychrophilous as well as thermophilous species, which significantly contributes to maintenance of landscape biodiversity.



© Ota Zimmermann

While the majority of the Central European landscape would be covered by forests without human influence, rocky areas form isolated, islet-like, natural, non-forest habitats. The surface of some of these non-forested areas is composed of bare bedrock or products of its erosional breakdown (without a soil layer) such as gravel, sand banks, sand dunes, scree slopes and rock outcrop habitats. These habitats harbour specialized  spider species that depend on their specific substratum and microclimate (Růžička 2000). Out of these habitats, rock walls (and scree slopes) form one of the most distinct ecological gradients of any terrestrial ecosystem (Larson et al. 1989, Růžička et al. 1995). They provide habitats with extremely warm and cold microclimatic conditions in close proximity. They also belong to habitats almost unknown until now due to the technical and practical problems of sampling.

Sandstones can form extensive systems of rocks, sometimes with a broad spectrum of meso- and microhabitats due to their very dynamic relief. Sandstone rocks are characterised by a marked contrast between forested plateau and bare vertical rock walls (Balatka and Sládek 1984). Upper margins of rocks are dry, vertical rock walls can be sun-exposed, dry and bare, or shady and humid and hence covered by mosses. Spaces with an extremely cold climate can occur in deep gorges. The aim of this study is to evaluate available data on the species composition of spider assemblages in sandstone rocks, including new data about spiders on rock walls in the Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) National Park.



Statistiky

Dle měsíce v roce


Dle nadmořské výšky


Dle metody sběru (253 použitých nálezů)
Zemní pastSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 500 178 637 165
Zodarion italicum (Canestrini, 1868) 68 62 0 10
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 72 37 0 31
Individuální sběrSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 8 10 4 20
Zodarion italicum (Canestrini, 1868) 1 0 0 1
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 0 6 37 10
ProsevSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 3 1 5 5
Zodarion italicum (Canestrini, 1868) 0 1 0 1
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 0 3 5 5
PozorováníSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 7 8 0 4
SmykSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion italicum (Canestrini, 1868) 6 3 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy

Dle biotopu (163 použitých nálezů)
lesostepní doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 67 15 12 23
skalní stepi na vápenciSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 18 12 20 18
dubohabřinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 26 7 4 17
travnaté stepiSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 6 1 0 6
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 3 7 4 8
Lesní okrajeSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 75 7 1 14
kamenité suti nižších polohSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 9 6 2 12
osluněné skály nižších polohSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 6 4 3 8
výsadby jehličnanůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 3 4 0 5
haldy a výsypkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 0 0 589 4
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 0 1 0 1
okraje silnicSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 41 14 5 3
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 10 0 0 2
Xerotermní travinobylinná společenstvaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 3 4 3 4
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 2 0 0 1
rašelinné borySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 4 1 0 4
železniční náspySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 1 0 35 4
písčinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 0 1 0 3
reliktní bory na skaláchSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 5 2 0 3
Kultury listnáčůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 55 11 0 2
pískovnySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 8 5 0 2
pasekySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 3 0 0 2
suché křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 3 0 0 2
kamenolomySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 0 2 0 2
SkládkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 0 1 0 1
Přirozené lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 1 0 0 1
ruderálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 2 0 0 1
bučiny nižších polohSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 1 0 0 1
0000000SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 0 1 0 1
Acidofilní borySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 1 0 0 1
horská vřesovištěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 0 0 0 1
RuderálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 5 5 0 1
suché doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 3 1 0 1
ostatní poleSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 1 0 0 1
bylinné porosty břehůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 0 0 0 1
zahradySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914 2 3 0 1
Stojaté a pomalu tekoucí vodySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) 4 1 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy

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