Nálezy podle období
Araneidae 0-19001901-19501951-20002001-2018
Larinioides cornutus Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) Není ohrožený 16x 13x 29x
Larinioides ixobolus Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) Není ohrožený 7x 17x 9x 33x
Larinioides patagiatus Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) Téměř ohrožený 3x 5x 104x 15x 127x
Larinioides sclopetarius Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) Není ohrožený 12x 5x 36x 16x 69x
Larinioides suspicax Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) Není ohrožený 3x 5x 171x 18x 197x

Literatura

Habitus of Larinioides species

Аll known species of Larinioides Caporiacco, 1934 are revised. Seven species are recognised, of which one is transferred from Araneus Clerck, 1757 as a new combination, Larinioides jalimovi (Bakhvalov, 1981) comb. n. The first description of a male of L. jalimovi is given. The following four new synonyms are proposed: Epeira gracilis Menge, 1878 syn. n. and Aranea dumetorum islandicola Strand, 1906 syn. n. = L. patagiatus (Clerck, 1757); Araneus cungei Bakhvalov, 1974, syn. n. = Larinioides folium (Schrank, 1803); and Araneus sclopetarius Clerck, 1757 syn. n. = Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757). Detailed illustrations of habitus, copulatory organs, and identification keys of males and females of all Larinioides species are provided.



© Ondřej Machač
Animals within a population differ consistently in behavior over time and/or across conditions. A general question is how such differences
referred to as personalities are maintained through evolution. One suggested mechanism is a nonrandom mate choice, which
has been supported in species in which mate choice associates with direct material benefits. Much less is known about mating patterns
and personality in species where males provide only sperm and in which the benefits of female choice are based only on good
and/or compatible genes. The bridge spider Larinioides sclopetarius Clerck (Araneidae) exhibits heritable between-individual differences
in intrasex aggressiveness. We studied mating probabilities by aggressiveness type of both sexes, and success in sperm
competition of aggressive versus nonaggressive males. We staged trials that resemble field conditions: 4 males (2 aggressive and 2
nonaggressive) had simultaneous choice between an aggressive and a nonaggressive female. Although there were no differences in
initial approaches of male types toward female types, aggressive males mainly mated with aggressive females, and nonaggressive
males more likely mated with nonaggressive females. Female aggressiveness type was not related to fecundity, which may be a consequence
of equal food supply in the laboratory. However, in double-mating trials using the sterile-male technique to measure paternity of
aggressive versus nonaggressive males, we found that sons of aggressive parents fathered relatively more offspring. We conclude that
assortative mating by aggressiveness type might maintain between-individual differences in aggressiveness in Larinioides sclopetarius.


Fotografie

Larinioides cornutus

Larinioides ixobolus



Larinioides patagiatus




Larinioides sclopetarius
Larinioides suspicax

Statistiky

Dle měsíce v roce


Dle nadmořské výšky


Dle metody sběru (334 použitých nálezů)
Individuální sběrSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 4 3 1 6
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 20 7 1 9
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 7 32 0 28
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 7 12 4 16
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 32 123 23 83
SmykSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 3 7 2 7
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 13 17 1 21
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 11 0 8
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 27 64 34 57
ProsevSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 6 17 0 17
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 10 14 0 13
Zemní pastSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 2
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 2 0 2
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 4 6 9 10
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 5 7 0 6
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 3 2 1 7
FotografieSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 2 5 2 8
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 9 1 3
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 12 640 1051 9
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 10 31 0 2
SklepáváníSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 4 0 2
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 5 4 0 9
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 3 9 0 5
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy

Dle biotopu (275 použitých nálezů)
MočálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 7 2 4
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 3 5 0 7
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 6 37 16 25
Vlhké loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 3 0 3
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 11 20 6 17
Interiéry budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 4 4 1 8
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 4 15 0 9
Rákosiny, orobincové porostySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 5 10 4 12
Vnější stěny budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 19 3 0 5
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 2 5 0 5
Břehy tekoucích vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 2 1 0 3
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 9 7 0 8
SlatiništěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 0 1 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 16 6 9
Bylinné porosty na březích potoků a řekSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 7 0 6
Urbánní biotopySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 1 2 0 3
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 2 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 7 0 3
Rašeliniště a slatiništěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 2
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 4 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 3 23 2 5
Lužní lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 5 2 0 5
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 2 0 0 2
Stojaté a pomalu tekoucí vodySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 3 0 2
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 6 3 1 5
Ovocné sadySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 5 0 5
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 0 1 2
Porosty vysokých ostřicSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 7 8 0 6
Cesty, silniceSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 11 637 1051 6
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
LoukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 2
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 6 0 3
Lesní okrajeSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 3 7 0 6
KamenolomSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 2 3 1 4
Vrbové křoviny, vrbo-topolové (měkké) luhySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 2 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 3 3 2
ParkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 4 0 3
vnější stěny budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 1 2
VrchovištěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 5 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 2 0 1
vrbové křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 2 2 1 2
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
PoleSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 2 4 0 2
Křoviny a skupiny stromů mimo lesSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 1 2
Xerotermy na jiných podkladechSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Polní mezeSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 2 0 2
Písečné přesypySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 4 0 2
Bažinné olšinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Vrbo-jilmo-jasanové (tvrdé) luhySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 1 0 2
Mezofilní loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 5 8 2
zahradySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 2 1 2
Xerotermní travinobylinná společenstvaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 2 0 2
RuderálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Přechodová rašeliništěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 2 0 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 1 0 1
Devětsilové lemy horských toků, bylinné porosty břehůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 0 1 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 10 30 0 1
interiéry budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 1 1 0 2
Luční úhorySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Dubo-habrové háje a acidofilní doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Horské smrčinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Haldy a výsypkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 0 5 1
PískovnaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 0 0 1
Reliktní bory na skalních podkladechSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Pozemní komunikaceSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Skalní stepi na vápencových podkladechSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Vřesoviště se smilkou, vřesem, borůvkouSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
suché loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 2 0 1
Skály subalpinského a alpinského pásmaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Skály nižších a středních výšekSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Smrkové monokulturySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Bylinný lem lesaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Skupiny stromů, remízky < 1 haSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Skalní a suťové biotopySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Rašelinné březiny a borySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 0 1 1
Bahnité a písčité břehy tekoucích vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Floristicky pestré křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 8 0 1
SkládkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 2 4 0 1
Polní cestaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
KosodřevinaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 0 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy