Nálezy podle období
Araneidae 0-19001901-19501951-20002001-2021
Larinioides cornutus Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) Není ohrožený 16× 15× 31×
Larinioides ixobolus Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) Není ohrožený 17× 10× 34×
Larinioides patagiatus Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) Téměř ohrožený 104× 20× 132×
Larinioides sclopetarius Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) Není ohrožený 12× 36× 22× 75×
Larinioides suspicax Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) Není ohrožený 171× 37× 216×

Literatura

 - Habitus of Larinioides species © Oto Zimmermann

Аll known species of Larinioides Caporiacco, 1934 are revised. Seven species are recognised, of which one is transferred from Araneus Clerck, 1757 as a new combination, Larinioides jalimovi (Bakhvalov, 1981) comb. n. The first description of a male of L. jalimovi is given. The following four new synonyms are proposed: Epeira gracilis Menge, 1878 syn. n. and Aranea dumetorum islandicola Strand, 1906 syn. n. = L. patagiatus (Clerck, 1757); Araneus cungei Bakhvalov, 1974, syn. n. = Larinioides folium (Schrank, 1803); and Araneus sclopetarius Clerck, 1757 syn. n. = Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757). Detailed illustrations of habitus, copulatory organs, and identification keys of males and females of all Larinioides species are provided.



 © Ondřej Machač
Animals within a population differ consistently in behavior over time and/or across conditions. A general question is how such differences
referred to as personalities are maintained through evolution. One suggested mechanism is a nonrandom mate choice, which
has been supported in species in which mate choice associates with direct material benefits. Much less is known about mating patterns
and personality in species where males provide only sperm and in which the benefits of female choice are based only on good
and/or compatible genes. The bridge spider Larinioides sclopetarius Clerck (Araneidae) exhibits heritable between-individual differences
in intrasex aggressiveness. We studied mating probabilities by aggressiveness type of both sexes, and success in sperm
competition of aggressive versus nonaggressive males. We staged trials that resemble field conditions: 4 males (2 aggressive and 2
nonaggressive) had simultaneous choice between an aggressive and a nonaggressive female. Although there were no differences in
initial approaches of male types toward female types, aggressive males mainly mated with aggressive females, and nonaggressive
males more likely mated with nonaggressive females. Female aggressiveness type was not related to fecundity, which may be a consequence
of equal food supply in the laboratory. However, in double-mating trials using the sterile-male technique to measure paternity of
aggressive versus nonaggressive males, we found that sons of aggressive parents fathered relatively more offspring. We conclude that
assortative mating by aggressiveness type might maintain between-individual differences in aggressiveness in Larinioides sclopetarius.


Fotografie

Larinioides cornutus
Larinioides ixobolus
Larinioides patagiatus
Larinioides sclopetarius
Larinioides suspicax

Statistiky

Dle měsíce v roce


Dle nadmořské výšky


Dle metody sběru (488 použitých nálezů)
Individuální sběrSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 4 3 1 6
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 21 7 1 10
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 9 35 0 31
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 11 21 4 20
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 33 126 23 86
NeurčenoSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 11
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 5 2 0 13
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 15 16 3 38
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 4 16 1 29
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 20 57 15 34
SmykSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 3 9 4 9
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 14 18 1 23
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 11 1 9
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 33 74 34 69
ProsevSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 6 17 0 17
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 10 14 0 13
Zemní pastSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 2
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 2 0 2
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 4 6 9 10
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 5 7 0 6
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 3 2 1 7
FotografieSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 2 5 2 8
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 9 1 3
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 12 640 1051 9
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 10 31 0 2
SklepáváníSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 4 0 2
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 5 4 0 9
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 3 9 0 5
PozorováníSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 10 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy

Dle biotopu (488 použitých nálezů)
NeurčenoSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 3 0 12
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 1 2 0 9
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 23 35 12 60
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 6 22 4 38
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 31 85 19 65
MočálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 7 2 4
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 3 5 0 7
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 6 37 16 25
Mokré loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 3 2 3
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 3 0 3
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 11 22 6 19
Interiéry budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 5 5 1 10
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 4 15 0 9
Vnější stěny budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 21 4 0 7
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 7 13 1 9
Rákosiny a orobincové porosty stojatých vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 5 12 4 14
Lužní lesy nížinSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 6 4 0 7
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 4 5 3 7
Bylinné porosty břehůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 0 1 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 0 1 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 12 39 0 9
RašeliništěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 2
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 3 9 0 4
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 4 26 2 7
Břehy tekoucích vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 2 11 0 4
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 9 7 0 8
RuderálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 1 3 0 4
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 2 2 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 3 11 0 4
Luční ostřicové mokřadySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 0 1 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 16 6 9
Ovocné sady s luční vegetacíSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 5 0 5
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 0 1 2
Stojaté a pomalu tekoucí vodySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 3 0 2
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 6 3 1 5
Vrbové křoviny - vlhké (vrbové) křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 2 3 1 3
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 2 3 0 4
LoukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 2 0 2
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 6 0 3
Okraje silnicSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 11 637 1051 6
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Ostřicové porosty stojatých vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 7 8 0 6
KamenolomySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 2 4 1 5
Lesní okrajeSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 3 8 0 7
Těžebny písku a jiných nezpevněných horninSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 3 2 0 3
Ostatní poleSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 2 5 0 3
Suché křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 9 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 1 2
Suché loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 2
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 3 0 2
Zahradnicky utvářené zahrady a parkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 4 0 3
PastvinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 2 0 2
PísčinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 4 0 2
Mezofilní loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 5 8 2
Xerotermní travinobylinná společenstvaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 2 0 2
Vlhké lesní lemySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 1 0 0 1
ZahradySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) 0 2 1 2
Mokřadní olšinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
ÚhorySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Suché doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Horské smrčinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Haldy a výsypkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 0 5 1
Reliktní bory na skaláchSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Pozemní komunikaceSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Porosty borůvekSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Rašelinné borySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 0 1 1
Stinné skály nižších polohSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Výsadby jehličnanůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
DubohabřinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 1 0 0 1
Skalní a suťové biotopySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Písčité břehySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides suspicax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876) 0 1 0 1
Skály a sutě v horáchSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Jasanoolšové lemy vodotečíSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 1 1 0 1
Skalní stepi na vápenciSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 1 0 1
Mokřadní vrbinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Larinioides patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) 0 0 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy