Nálezy podle období
Gnaphosidae 0-19001901-19501951-20002001-2021
Drassodes cupreus Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) Téměř ohrožený 1x 1x 72x 47x 121x
Drassodes lapidosus Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) Není ohrožený 1x 10x 672x 161x 844x
Drassodes pubescens Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) Není ohrožený 3x 10x 437x 93x 543x

Literatura

 © Ondřej Machač
Pavouci České republiky; Západoevropský slíďák Pardosa tenuipes objeven v Česku; První nález Paratrachelas maculatus (Trachelidae) v České republice; Druhý nález snovačky Steatoda nobilis v Česku; Neobvyklý biotop nálezu snovačky Theridion hannoniae; Drassodes cupreus nebo Drassodes lapidosus nebo...?; Pavouci nehlubokých podzemních biotopů Slovenska; Lovčík vodní potvrzen na jižní Moravě; Two remarkable records of Bulgarian spiders; Předběžný seznam sekáčů (Opiliones) NP České Švýcarsko a CHKO Labské pískovce; Pojídají pavouci ovoce?; Hrabalky (Pompilidae) - specialisté na lov pavouků VIII: rod Auplopus; Milan Antuš (1936-2021); Letošní exkurze na JV Prahy za pavouky; Česká bibliografie; Britská bibliografie; Inventarizace 2020; Pokyny pro autory

 © Oto Zimmermann

Heterogeneity of environmental conditions is the crucial factor supporting biodiversity in various habitats, including post-mining sites. The effects of micro-topographic heterogeneity on biodiversity and conservation potential of arthropod communities in post-industrial habitats had not been studied before now. At one of the largest European brown coal spoil heaps, we sampled eight groups of terrestrial arthropods with different life strategies (moths, spiders, ground beetles, ants, orthopteroids, centipedes, millipedes, and woodlice), in successionally young plots (5–18 y), with a heterogeneous wavy surface after heaping, and compared the communities with plots flattened by dozing. A combination of the standardized quantitative sampling, using two different methods, and a paired design of the plot selection enabled a robust analysis. Altogether, we recorded 380 species of the focal arthropods, 15 of them nationally threatened. We revealed the importance of the microtopographic heterogeneity for the formation of the biodiversity of arthropods in their secondary refuges. The communities with higher biodiversity and conservation value were detected in the plots with heterogeneous surfaces; exceptions were ground beetles and millipedes. The surface flattening, often the first step of technical reclamation projects, thus suppress biodiversity of most terrestrial arthropods during the restoration of post-mining sites. Since the communities of both surface types differed, the proportional presence on both surfaces could be more efficient in supporting the local biodiversity. We suggest reducing the surface dozing for the cases with other concerns only, to achieve a proportional representation of both surface types. Such a combination of different restoration approaches would, thus, efficiently support high biodiversity of groups with various needs.



 © Oto Zimmermann

The invertebrates of the Macocha Abyss, Moravian Karst, Czech Republic, were collected in 2007–2008 and 222 species were identified in total. The relative abundance of individual taxa of land snails, harvestmen, pseudoscorpions, spiders, millipedes, centipedes, terrestrial isopods, beetles, and ants was evaluated. The cold-adapted mountain and subterranean species inhabit the bottom and lower part of the abyss, whereas the sun-exposed rocky margins were inhabited by thermophilous species. Macocha harbors several threatened species that are absent or very rare in the surrounding habitats. In the forest landscape, the Macocha Abyss represents a natural habitat with a distinct microclimatic gradient, and is an excellent refuge area for psychrophilous as well as thermophilous species, which significantly contributes to maintenance of landscape biodiversity.



 © Oto Zimmermann

While the majority of the Central European landscape would be covered by forests without human influence, rocky areas form isolated, islet-like, natural, non-forest habitats. The surface of some of these non-forested areas is composed of bare bedrock or products of its erosional breakdown (without a soil layer) such as gravel, sand banks, sand dunes, scree slopes and rock outcrop habitats. These habitats harbour specialized  spider species that depend on their specific substratum and microclimate (Růžička 2000). Out of these habitats, rock walls (and scree slopes) form one of the most distinct ecological gradients of any terrestrial ecosystem (Larson et al. 1989, Růžička et al. 1995). They provide habitats with extremely warm and cold microclimatic conditions in close proximity. They also belong to habitats almost unknown until now due to the technical and practical problems of sampling.

Sandstones can form extensive systems of rocks, sometimes with a broad spectrum of meso- and microhabitats due to their very dynamic relief. Sandstone rocks are characterised by a marked contrast between forested plateau and bare vertical rock walls (Balatka and Sládek 1984). Upper margins of rocks are dry, vertical rock walls can be sun-exposed, dry and bare, or shady and humid and hence covered by mosses. Spaces with an extremely cold climate can occur in deep gorges. The aim of this study is to evaluate available data on the species composition of spider assemblages in sandstone rocks, including new data about spiders on rock walls in the Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) National Park.



Fotografie

Statistiky

Dle měsíce v roce


Dle nadmořské výšky


Dle metody sběru (1161 použitých nálezů)
Zemní pastSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 115 54 0 75
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 975 403 398 498
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 449 178 12 372
Individuální sběrSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 5 9 0 9
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 150 146 8 116
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 46 49 1 45
SmykSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 4 0 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 18 15 0 13
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 8 3 0 8
ProsevSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 7 6 0 11
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 1 0 2
SklepáváníSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 2 0 3
Žlutá miskaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 1 0 1
EklektorSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy

Dle biotopu (968 použitých nálezů)
Skalní stepi na vápencových podkladechSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 36 5 0 8
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 153 74 56 109
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 35 36 8 40
Xerotermy na jiných podkladechSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 7 0 9
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 165 97 3 89
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 38 36 0 46
Skalní lesostepi, šípákové a teplomilné doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 89 77 3 43
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 34 8 0 19
Kamenité sutěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 3 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 135 37 6 53
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 1 0 2
Xerotermní travinobylinná společenstvaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 36 21 1 17
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 41 19 2 29
Dubo-habrové háje a acidofilní doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 30 27 8 31
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 11 2 0 4
Rašeliniště a slatiništěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 9 2 0 5
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 18 9 0 13
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 17 9 0 16
LesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 9 2 0 8
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 3 6 0 5
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 17 2 0 15
Lesní okrajeSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 16 6 0 15
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 5 16 0 12
Vřesoviště se smilkou, vřesem, borůvkouSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 14 2 0 5
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 20 10 0 10
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 15 4 0 11
Skály nižších a středních výšekSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 129 24 2 22
KamenolomSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 12 13 2 18
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 1 0 3
Haldy a výsypkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 1 303 13
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 0 0 7
Lesní pasekySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 2 4 0 6
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 18 5 0 14
Acidofilní borySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 21 9 0 14
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 1 0 5
Smrkové monokulturySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 15 4 0 8
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 8 4 0 10
Kulturní lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 7 3 1 6
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 10 5 0 9
Reliktní bory na skalních podkladechSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 10 6 0 11
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 0 0 2
Acidofilní bukové bučinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 4 2 0 6
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 6 3 0 8
Louky a pastvinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 1 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 6 2 10
Přirozené lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 6 2 0 5
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 5 4 0 4
Vlhké loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 2 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 11 2 0 8
Suťové a roklinové lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 24 0 0 5
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Květnaté bučinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 2 0 3
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 6 0 1 4
Pískovcová skalní městaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 5 2 0 5
Reliktní bory a borové doubravy vátých pískůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 2 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 6 0 4
Luční úhorySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 3 0 5
VrchovištěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 3 3 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 10 1 0 4
PastvinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 2 1 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 2 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 0 0 3
Trnkové křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 6 0 0 4
Křoviny a skupiny stromů mimo lesSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 5 1 0 5
Polní mezeSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 13 2 0 5
Skupiny stromů, remízky < 1 haSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 2 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 9 3 0 4
PískovnaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 1 0 4
Rašelinné březiny a borySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 3 0 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 2 0 2
Kultury jehličnanůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 1 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 1 0 2
Cesty, silniceSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 2 0 4
SlatiništěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 17 7 0 3
LoukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 0 0 3
Polní úhorySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 5 0 3
Horské smrčinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 2 0 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
MočálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 2 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 1 0 2
Kultury listnáčůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 1 0 3
Lužní lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 4 1 1 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Ovocné sadySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 1 0 2
SlaniskaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 8 1 0 3
Nízké xerofilní křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Borové monokulturySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 1 0 2
PoleSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 2
Písečné přesypySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 1 0 1
Interiéry budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 2
Břehy tekoucích vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 1 0 1
kamenolomySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 3 0 0 2
Rákosiny, orobincové porostySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Ovocné sady a vinohradySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
pískovnySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 1 0 1
Urbánní biotopySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Mezofilní loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Porosty vysokých ostřicSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 0 0 2
Bylinný lem lesaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Subalpinské bylinné porosty a alpinské holeSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Přechodová rašeliništěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 1 0 1
interiéry budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Travnatá a keříčkovitá společenstva na silikátovém podkladuSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
pasekySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 1 0 1
Floristicky pestré křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 0 0 1
Krátkostébelné trávníky s mechy a lišejníkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 1
Křovinatý plášť lesaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Štěrkové laviceSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 0 0 1
Horské buko-jedlové lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Širokolisté vysokostébelné nivySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
skalní stepi na jiných hornináchSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 1
Přirozené smrčiny (bory a březiny)SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
lesostepní doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
RuderálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 0 0 1
Těžební jámySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 0 15 1
zahradySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy