Nálezy podle období
Gnaphosidae 0-19001901-19501951-20002001-2021
Drassodes cupreus Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) Téměř ohrožený 1x 1x 72x 52x 126x
Drassodes lapidosus Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) Není ohrožený 1x 10x 672x 172x 855x
Drassodes pubescens Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) Není ohrožený 3x 10x 437x 100x 550x

Literatura

 © Ondřej Machač
Pavouci České republiky; Západoevropský slíďák Pardosa tenuipes objeven v Česku; První nález Paratrachelas maculatus (Trachelidae) v České republice; Druhý nález snovačky Steatoda nobilis v Česku; Neobvyklý biotop nálezu snovačky Theridion hannoniae; Drassodes cupreus nebo Drassodes lapidosus nebo...?; Pavouci nehlubokých podzemních biotopů Slovenska; Lovčík vodní potvrzen na jižní Moravě; Two remarkable records of Bulgarian spiders; Předběžný seznam sekáčů (Opiliones) NP České Švýcarsko a CHKO Labské pískovce; Pojídají pavouci ovoce?; Hrabalky (Pompilidae) - specialisté na lov pavouků VIII: rod Auplopus; Milan Antuš (1936-2021); Letošní exkurze na JV Prahy za pavouky; Česká bibliografie; Britská bibliografie; Inventarizace 2020; Pokyny pro autory

 © Oto Zimmermann

Heterogeneity of environmental conditions is the crucial factor supporting biodiversity in various habitats, including post-mining sites. The effects of micro-topographic heterogeneity on biodiversity and conservation potential of arthropod communities in post-industrial habitats had not been studied before now. At one of the largest European brown coal spoil heaps, we sampled eight groups of terrestrial arthropods with different life strategies (moths, spiders, ground beetles, ants, orthopteroids, centipedes, millipedes, and woodlice), in successionally young plots (5–18 y), with a heterogeneous wavy surface after heaping, and compared the communities with plots flattened by dozing. A combination of the standardized quantitative sampling, using two different methods, and a paired design of the plot selection enabled a robust analysis. Altogether, we recorded 380 species of the focal arthropods, 15 of them nationally threatened. We revealed the importance of the microtopographic heterogeneity for the formation of the biodiversity of arthropods in their secondary refuges. The communities with higher biodiversity and conservation value were detected in the plots with heterogeneous surfaces; exceptions were ground beetles and millipedes. The surface flattening, often the first step of technical reclamation projects, thus suppress biodiversity of most terrestrial arthropods during the restoration of post-mining sites. Since the communities of both surface types differed, the proportional presence on both surfaces could be more efficient in supporting the local biodiversity. We suggest reducing the surface dozing for the cases with other concerns only, to achieve a proportional representation of both surface types. Such a combination of different restoration approaches would, thus, efficiently support high biodiversity of groups with various needs.



 © Oto Zimmermann

The invertebrates of the Macocha Abyss, Moravian Karst, Czech Republic, were collected in 2007–2008 and 222 species were identified in total. The relative abundance of individual taxa of land snails, harvestmen, pseudoscorpions, spiders, millipedes, centipedes, terrestrial isopods, beetles, and ants was evaluated. The cold-adapted mountain and subterranean species inhabit the bottom and lower part of the abyss, whereas the sun-exposed rocky margins were inhabited by thermophilous species. Macocha harbors several threatened species that are absent or very rare in the surrounding habitats. In the forest landscape, the Macocha Abyss represents a natural habitat with a distinct microclimatic gradient, and is an excellent refuge area for psychrophilous as well as thermophilous species, which significantly contributes to maintenance of landscape biodiversity.



 © Oto Zimmermann

While the majority of the Central European landscape would be covered by forests without human influence, rocky areas form isolated, islet-like, natural, non-forest habitats. The surface of some of these non-forested areas is composed of bare bedrock or products of its erosional breakdown (without a soil layer) such as gravel, sand banks, sand dunes, scree slopes and rock outcrop habitats. These habitats harbour specialized  spider species that depend on their specific substratum and microclimate (Růžička 2000). Out of these habitats, rock walls (and scree slopes) form one of the most distinct ecological gradients of any terrestrial ecosystem (Larson et al. 1989, Růžička et al. 1995). They provide habitats with extremely warm and cold microclimatic conditions in close proximity. They also belong to habitats almost unknown until now due to the technical and practical problems of sampling.

Sandstones can form extensive systems of rocks, sometimes with a broad spectrum of meso- and microhabitats due to their very dynamic relief. Sandstone rocks are characterised by a marked contrast between forested plateau and bare vertical rock walls (Balatka and Sládek 1984). Upper margins of rocks are dry, vertical rock walls can be sun-exposed, dry and bare, or shady and humid and hence covered by mosses. Spaces with an extremely cold climate can occur in deep gorges. The aim of this study is to evaluate available data on the species composition of spider assemblages in sandstone rocks, including new data about spiders on rock walls in the Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) National Park.



Fotografie

Statistiky

Dle měsíce v roce


Dle nadmořské výšky


Dle metody sběru (1531 použitých nálezů)
Zemní pastSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 117 63 0 80
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 984 406 398 503
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 453 187 12 377
NeurčenoSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 6 1 0 33
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 126 92 3 202
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 40 39 0 112
Individuální sběrSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 5 9 0 9
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 154 149 8 122
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 48 49 1 47
SmykSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 4 0 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 18 15 0 13
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 8 3 0 8
ProsevSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 7 6 0 11
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 1 0 2
SklepáváníSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 2 0 3
Žlutá miskaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 1 0 1
EklektorSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy

Dle biotopu (1531 použitých nálezů)
NeurčenoSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 45 21 0 62
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 357 216 8 306
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 127 63 0 172
Skalní stepi na vápenciSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 36 5 0 8
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 153 74 56 109
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 35 36 8 40
Suché loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 7 0 9
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 165 97 3 89
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 38 36 0 46
Lesostepní doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 89 78 3 44
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 34 8 0 19
Kamenité suti nižších polohSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 3 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 135 37 6 53
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 1 0 2
Xerotermní travinobylinná společenstvaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 36 21 1 17
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 41 19 2 29
Suché doubravySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 5 0 3
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 31 29 8 33
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 15 8 0 8
RašeliništěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 12 5 0 6
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 18 9 0 13
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 27 11 0 21
Výsadby jehličnanůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 1 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 22 7 1 14
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 20 11 0 23
Stinné skály nižších polohSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 130 24 2 23
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 5 2 0 5
LesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 9 2 0 8
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 3 6 0 5
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 17 2 0 15
Lesní okrajeSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 16 6 0 15
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 5 16 0 12
Porosty borůvekSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 14 2 0 5
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 20 10 0 10
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 15 4 0 11
KamenolomySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 16 15 2 22
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 1 0 3
PasekySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 2 4 0 6
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 22 11 0 17
Bučiny nižších polohSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 5 4 0 9
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 12 3 1 12
Haldy a výsypkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 2 1 303 14
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 0 0 7
Acidofilní borySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 21 9 0 14
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 1 0 5
Reliktní bory na skaláchSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 10 6 0 11
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 0 0 2
Suché křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 3 0 0 4
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 11 1 0 9
Louky a pastvinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 1 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 6 2 10
PastvinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 2 1 0 2
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 2 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 16 2 0 8
Přirozené lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 6 2 0 5
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 5 4 0 4
Těžebny písku a jiných nezpevněných horninSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 4 4 0 4
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 2 0 5
Mokré loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 2 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 11 2 0 8
ÚhorySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 8 0 8
Suťové a roklinové lesySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 2 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 24 0 0 5
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
DubohabřinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 2 0 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 2 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 9 3 0 4
Mezofilní loukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 3 0 4
Rašelinné borySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 3 0 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 2 0 2
Luční ostřicové mokřadySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 17 7 0 3
Horské smrčinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 3 0 0 3
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
LoukySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 0 0 3
Ovocné sady s luční vegetacíSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 1 0 2
Vřesoviště nižších polohSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 1 5 0 1
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 4 0 0 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 1 0 1
Okraje silnicSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 2 0 4
Výsadby listnáčůSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 1 0 3
Lužní lesy nížinSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 4 1 1 2
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
MočálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 2 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 1 0 2
RuderálySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 4 0 0 2
Interiéry budovSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 1 0 3
SlaniskaSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 8 1 0 3
Ostřicové porosty stojatých vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 3 0 0 2
Břehy tekoucích vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 1 0 1
Rákosiny a orobincové porosty stojatých vodSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Ovocné sady a vinohradySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
PísčinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 2 1 0 1
alpínské trávníkySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Nízké xerofilní křovinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 0 0 1
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Ostatní poleSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 2
Štěrkové břehy řekSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 0 0 0 1
Vlhké lesní lemySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
ZahradySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
Horské bučinySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Širokolisté horské nivySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Těžební jámySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 0 15 1
Železniční náspySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 1 0 1
Suché lesní lemySamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes pubescens (Thorell, 1856) 1 0 0 1
Skalní stepi na jiných hornináchSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes cupreus (Blackwall, 1834) 0 1 0 1
Horská vřesovištěSamciSamiceMláďataNálezy
Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802) 1 0 0 1
 SamciSamiceMláďataNálezy